Oh So Many Types!

Poetry may not be everyone’s favorite form of literature, however, I have to admit I have a soft spot for it. There is something wonderful about the verse, whether rhyming or not, and I confess that I have tried for many years to write my own poems to express myself in my life.

writing on paper

Poems are simply collections of words which express emotions and ideas through the use of metaphors and imagery. However, there is a multitude of styles and types. Poetry comes in so many forms that it’s impossible to say you hate all types of poetry, so, get yourself a nice cold drink and read this quick overview of the various types you could read.

 

Allegory

Ballad

Blank verse

Burlesque

Cacophony

Canzone

Conceit

Dactyl

Elegy

Epic

Epitaph

Free Verse

Haiku

Imagery

Limerick

Lyric

Name

Narrative

Ode

Pastoral

Petrarchan Sonnet

Quatrain

Refrain

Senryu

Shakespearean sonnet

Sonnet

Tanka

Terza Rima

 

Ready to take a breath yet!

man breathing

Haiku

 

A Haiku is a Japanese poetry form which is made up of 3 lines of non-rhyming verse. The 1st and 3rd lines must have 5 syllables each while the 2nd line will have 7. Usually, haikus express thoughts and feelings about nature.

 

Pastoral

 

Pastoral poems conjure up sense of harmony and peace and are often about nature and especially rural places. They are formed of rhyming couplets.

 

Terza Rima

 

This form of poetry is arranged in tercets or groups of threes. There may only be 3 lines or several groups of 3 lines, and there are defined requirements for numbers of syllables, with 10 or 11 in a line.

 

Ballad

 

Ballad poems were designed to be sung and generally are about love. Ballads tell a story and are often mystical in nature. They will, usually have a repetitive phrase which returns at intervals throughout the poem.

 

Imagery

 

These powerful poems create pictures in the reader’s mind and intensify the senses.

 

Limerick

 

Limericks are fun and whimsical and are written over 5 lines with an AABBA structure. They usually tell a brief, funny story and have been popular for centuries in the English language.

 

Epic

 

These are very long poems and are thousands of years old. Usually, they tell a tale of mythical warriors and their accomplishments. Begun as early folk stories, these poems were generally passed through the generations and were only later written down.

 

Elegy

 

Elegies are sad poems which lament the death of someone beloved. They are either read aloud or sung.

 

Free Verse

 

Free verse has no meter or rhyme scheme and may use creative language like alliteration. This is a non-restrictive form of verse and is easier to write.

 

Sonnet

 

Sonnets are very famous, especially those written by Shakespeare. They must have 14 lines which begin with 2 rhyming couplets.

 

If you read and understand these various poem types, you will find yourself better able to analyze the poetry that you find and you may even be inspired to write some verse of your own.

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